People encounter different forms of gender inequality every day and experience is inherited, thus preventing the situation from changing.
There are several reasons for inequality. One is that the types of occupations that will be typical in the future are few women in the labor market. Despite the fact that the majority of university graduates are women today. 26 percent of artificial intelligence researches are women, 15 percent among engineers. And only 12 percent of IT professionals are women
Even so, some countries have succeeded in overcoming the challenges. According to this year's Global Gender Inequality Index, Iceland eliminated 88 percent of the inequalities, finishing first. Norway is second, only 3 and a half percent behind. Hungary ranks 105th in the list of 153 countries, making it into the bottom third. The authors of the report examined whether there are laws that prevent a woman from receiving less money for the same job than a man, or whether they discourage women from working in any way.
Prejudices against women
a report by the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP) called the Gender Social Norms Index, about the extent to which beliefs hinder gender equality.
According to data, 91 percent of men and 86 percent of women have a clear position on at least one issue
Some of the most common prejudices
· Men are better politicians and business people
· It is more important for men to go to university
· Men receive special attention in the labor market
· The most important task for women is parenting and housekeeping
According to Achim Steiner, UNDP Director-General, the fight against gender bias is the next goal for gender equality advocates. The action that has been so successful in closing the health or education gap now faces a much greater challenge: eliminating deep-seated prejudices in both men and women.
Very rarely has there been a good line of women in history. In ancient Greece they lived as slaves almost treated as minors and were governed by strict laws. In ancient Rome their situation gradually improved.
With the spread of Christianity, women's rights have been diminished. An example of this is the case of Komárno, where two women were beheaded for adultery in the 1600s because they could not produce twelve impeccable witnesses from prison to prove their innocence.
In the Middle Ages, women were the property of their husbands and could only care for the household and child rearing. At any time they could be pushed, beaten, cheated, and had to endure all humiliation in silence - and in the rarest of cases could they stand alone. Of course, there were strong women who were free to live freely because of their financial situation, but they were in a minority compared to their more difficult fellow, who could be sacrificed during witch trials. According to some laws, only men were entitled to inheritance. 1900s: More and more rights for women
Later, when women were able to work, the situation improved a little, but their wages and esteem were far from those of men. In the 1900s, women's suffrage was fought for in more and more places. By the middle of the century, women could go to university, but for a long time they didn’t know much to do with their degrees. It was then that, in addition to the protests of the incomprehensible men, women began to strive for equality. From 1946, the gates of universities and colleges were opened in Hungary as well, so the pastoral
except for office, women could choose any profession in principle, but it was almost only teaching work for them.
A good example of another difficulty for women graduating from university is the film The Right to Count (originally Hidden Figures).
The situation of women is well illustrated by the fact that we had to wait until 1997, when, for example, domestic rape was punishable. However, this is not enough, nor does it provide enough opportunity to escape. To this day, seventy women lose their lives every year due to abuse by their husbands or partners.
In theory, employers also support the idea of fathers taking their share of parenting. In practice, however, at best, full-time fathers are amazed.
A negligible percentage of Hungarian men stay at home with their little one for the first three years or part of it instead of their mother. One of the most pressing reasons is financial: they typically have a higher income and thus take financial responsibility for the whole family. In addition, traditional roles are guided by the mother's responsibility for the care of the child.
According to statistics, Hungarian women spend 15-16 hours a week doing housework and raising children more than men. However, after the period of breastfeeding, only two hands are needed to care for the child, which is clothed and clothed; a mouth that tells, sings; and a heart and a brain to educate us with love and reason every day. And these are at the disposal of all men.
In theory, fathers' staying at home is in favor of everyone. The whole picture implies that the legal environment is also discriminatory with fathers. For example, 70% of the average daily wage can be claimed by the father only if the child's mother is taken out of the household where the child is cared for because of her health. If parents decide to take care of the baby for the first 24 weeks or a part of it, the father is only entitled to a pregnancy over the mother. If you were entitled to a check, you could, in practice, receive your previous net salary. This can be a significant difference, even double or triple.
The reason for the emergence of female professions is that men and women enter different careers due to different gender socialization and gender roles. For example, there are far more women than men among nurses, teachers, HR and accountants.
According to one opinion, women are forced into a large number of occupations, pushing down earnings, and men are hardly able to escape the profession. On the other hand, women emphasize that only women can gain access to occupations that men give them because of unfavorable income opportunities or bad (worsening) social prestige.
Gloria Steinem, an American women's rights activist, called the "pink-collar ghetto" jobs that are paid because they are predominantly female. Examples include the food sector, office work (secretary), health care (nurses, nurses) and primary education (kindergarten, teacher) and librarians. Even in the name of these professions, the word "woman" is included.
Women and men are rarely matched against each other, and so women are able to hold leadership positions where they have to direct the work of female subordinates. Generally speaking, men and women are employed in different economic areas and occupations.
There are, of course, exceptions: in the medical field, the surgeon and gynecologist are almost exclusively male (not coincidentally, as they have the greatest financial success), while the vast majority of pediatricians are women (and thus the social prestige and earning potential is much lower).
Raising a child as a man is a rare thing, working full time, as a kindergarten teacher, even more as a teacher! There are only seventy kindergarteners in the thousands of kindergartens operating in Hungary. Fewer and fewer men are choosing a teaching career. Of the 154,800 teachers in the past school year
less than 27 thousand men. The proportion is even worse among lower grade teachers. Yet male teachers would be needed, if only because there are more and more truncated families where children see pretty much only the example of men to follow in front of them at school.